Papal Primacy and the Innovations of the Roman Catholic Church

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This work by Apostolos Makrakis is a look at the the replay of Constantinople to the Encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII in the year 1894 concerning the union of the churches. The reply of the Eastern Orthodox Church assumed, as a basis to the right faith, the doctrines of the New Testament and the Canons of the Seven Ecumenical Councils. Makrakis suggests that union is only possible if certain changes by Rome after the 1054 AD schism would be reversed, such as:

  1. The Filioque addition to the Nicene Creed
  2. The substitution of affusion (sprinkling) for baptism by triune immersion
  3. The substitution of unleavened wafers for leavened bread
  4. Exclusion of the laity from partaking in the wine for Holy Communion
  5. The doctrine of Purgatory
  6. The doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of the Mother of God
  7. The claim of Papal supremacy and Infallibility as the Vicar of Christ on the Earth

Each of these changes since the Great Schism of 1054 AD are examined in detail through an examination of the scriptures, the Canons of the Church and testimonies of the early Church Fathers.